NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6 Question Answers cover the exercise questions in a simplified and precise way. NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6 Question Answers are easy to understand and learn for exams.
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NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6 Question Answers
1. Describe the ways in which the Buddha tried to spread his message to the people.
The Buddha taught the people in the language of ordinary people. He taught that –
(1) Life is full of suffering and unhappiness because of our constant desires (tanha).
(2) Our current and next lives are affected by our actions (Karma).
(3) We should be kind and respectful of the lives of others.
2. True or False
(a) The Buddha encouraged animal sacrifices. False
(b) Sarnath is important because it was the place where the Buddha taught for the first time. True
(c) The Buddha taught that ‘Karma’ has no effect on our lives. False
(d) The Buddha attained enlightenment at Bodh Gaya. True
(e) Upanishadic thinkers believed that the ‘atman’ and ‘brahman’ were ultimately one. True
3. What were the questions that Upanishadic thinkers wanted to answer?
Upanishadic thinkers wanted to know about life after death. Some wanted to know why sacrifices should be performed.
They felt there had to be something permanent in the universe that lasted even after death. Their ideas are recorded in the Upanishads.
4. What were the main teachings of the Mahavira?
Answer: Mahavira taught a simple doctrine:
men and women who wish to know the truth must leave their homes.
Mahavira told them to follow ‘ahimsa’ – not hurting any living being.
5. Why do you think Armgha’s mother wanted her to know the story of the Buddha?
Answer: Buddha was the founder of Buddhism and he was the Wise One. His stories could be inspirational and motivational to students. So Anagha’s mother wanted her to know his story.
6. Do you think it would have been easy for slaves to join the ‘sangha’? Give reasons for your answer.
Answer: Slaves were allowed to join ‘sanghas’. There was no unequal division of people in Buddhism. Buddha taught that all humans are equal.
7. Make a list of at least five ideas and questions mentioned in this lesson. Choose three from the List and discuss why you think they are important even today.
Answer: Ideas and questions mentioned in the lesson and their relevance today.
(1) Life is full of suffering and unhappiness. It is due to our unfulfilled desires.
>> This is true today since most people are not satisfied with what they have. They resort to unfair means out of greed and end up in suffering and trouble.
(2) Our actions (‘Karma’) affect us in our current life as well as the next life.
(3) We should not hurt or kill any living being, according to Mahavira.
>> This is important because every living has the desire to live.
(4) Thinkers wanted to know about life after death and they wanted to know why sacrifices should be performed.
>> Sacrifices are not justified since living beings should be killed.
(5) Upanishadic thinkers also felt that something was permanent in the universe and it lasted even after death.
8. Find out more about men and women who renounce the world today. Where do they live, what kinds of clothes do they wear, what do they eat? Why do they renounce the world?
Answer: Try yourself.