NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6 Notes cover all the topics in a simplified and precise way. NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6 Notes are easy to understand and learn for exams. NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6 Notes are very helpful for a quick revision.
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6 Notes
The Story of Gautama Buddha?
>Gautam Buddha (Siddhartha Gautam) was a Kshatriya prince who belonged to Sakya Gana.
>At a young age he left his home in search of knowledge about life.
>He wandered for years meeting and discussing with people.
>Finally, he sat under a peepal tree at Bodh Gaya (Bihar) and meditated for days.
>After days of meditation and thinking, he attained enlightenment.
>After that he was known as Buddha (wise one).
>He spent his remaining life traveling and teaching people about life.
>He gave his first teaching at Sarnath (near Varanasi, UP).
>He taught people in the Prakrit language (the language of ordinary people).
>He died at Kusinara (Kushinagar, UP) at the age of 80.
Teachings of Buddha
>Life is full of suffering and unhappiness because of our desires and cravings.
>Desires and cravings can be controlled by moderation in everything.
>People should be kind and respect all living beings.
>Our Actions (Karma) affect our present life and the next.
The Story of Vardhaman Mahavira
>Vardhaman Mahavira was a Kshatriya prince of the Lichchhavis group.
>He is considered the 24th and last Tirthankara of the Jainas.
>At the age of 30, he left his home and went to the forest.
>He spent a hard and lonely life for 12 years. At last, he attained enlightenment.
>He spent his life teaching about life.
>He used the Prakrit language for teaching.
Teachings of Mahavira
>People must leave their homes if they want to know the truth about life.
>People should strictly follow the rules of ahimsa (not hurting or killing anyone).
>People must be honest and lead simple life.
>The meaning of the word ‘Upanishad’ is approaching and sitting near.
>Upanishads are later Vedic texts. (Written after Vedas)
>The ideas of many thinkers were recorded in the Upanishads.
>Most of the thinkers were men.
>These thinkers looked for the answers to difficult questions about life.
>Shankaracharya, Gargi (woman), Satyakama Jabala, etc. were some of the popular thinkers.
>Sangha was an association of people who left their homes in search of true knowledge.
>Everyone was allowed to join this sangha.
>The rules made for sangha were written down in Vinaya Pitaka.
Life of the Buddhist monks in Sangha
>There were separate places for men and women.
>Everyone spent a simple life.
>They had to beg for food. Hence, they were called Bhikshus and Bhikshunis.
>They meditated for hours.
>They helped and taught each another.
>They held meetings to settle their issues.
>Some people also wrote beautiful poems to describe their life in the Sangha.
>Both Jainas and Buddhist monks traveled from place to place teaching people.
>They stayed in one place during rainy seasons.
>Their supporters made shelters for the monks for staying.
>Initially, there were temporary shelters but later permanent shelters were constructed.
The System of Ashrams
When Buddhism and Jainism were becoming popular, brahmins developed the system of ashrams in Hinduism.
These ashrams were the different stages of life for people.
|(1)Brahmacharya||To lead a simple life and study Vedas in the early stage of life.|
|(2) Grishastha||To lead a married life.|
|(3) Vanaprastha||To live in the forest and meditate.|
|(4) Samnyasa||Give up everything and become sanyasi in the last stage of life.|
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