NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Notes cover all the important topics in a simplified and precise way. NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Notes are easy to understand and learn for exams.
NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 7 Notes
India is a vast country with huge geographical diversity. It has an area of 3.28 million sq km.
India extends about 3200 km from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and 2900 km from Arunachal Pradesh to Kutch.
India is bound by
– The Himalayas in the north
– Bay of Bengal in the east
– Indian Ocean in the south
– Arabian Sea in the west
Locational Settings of India (Latitudes and Longitudes)
– India is located in the Northeastern part of the world.
– The Tropic of Cancer of Passes almost halfway through India.
– India is located between Latitudes 8°4′ N – 37°6′ N and Longitudes 68°7′ E – 97°25′ E.
– The Indian Standard Meridian is 82°5′ E.
– The Indian Standard Time is GMT+530.
– GMT: Greenwich Mean Time
Neighbours of India
– Countries sharing land or water boundaries:
Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Maldives.
– Sri Lanka and Maldives share only water boundaries with India.
– The Palk Strait separates India and Sri Lanka.
Political and Administrative Divisions of India
For administrative purposes, India is divided into 28 states and 9 Union territories.
States are further divided into districts and districts are divided into blocks.
India > States and UTs > Districts > Blocks > Villages/Towns
Physical Division of India
India has a variety of physical features. India is a country of cultural and geographical diversities.
The Himalayan Mountains
– Divided into 3 parallel ranges.
(1) The greater Himalayas (Himadri)
(2) The Middle Himalayas (Himachal)
(3) The Shiwaliks
The North Indian Plains
– Very flat and fertile.
– Created by alluvial deposits by the rivers like Ganga, Brahmaputra and their tributaries.
The Great Indian Desert
– Very hot, dry and sandy stretch of land in the north west part of India.
The Peninsular Plateau (Deccan Plateau)
– Trianugular in shape and covers the southern part of India.
Other Important Mountains/hills
– Aravali Hills
– The Vindhyas and the Satpura ranges.
The Western Ghats (Sahyadris) and the Eastern Ghats
– Boundaries between the Deccan plateau and the coastal plains.
– Lakshadweep Islands
– Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(1) East flowing rivers that falls into the Bay of Bengal
examples: Ganga, Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari, etc.
(2)West flowing rivers that falls into the Arabian Sea
examples: Narmada, Tapi, Sabarmati, etc.
Corals are the skeletons of the tiny marine animals (called polyps).
These skeletons accumulate and form rock like structures.
Exaxmple: Lakshadweep Islands are the the examples of the Coral Islands.