NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers from Panchayati Raj. NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers are precise and easy to understand.
NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers
1. What problem did the villagers in Hardas village face? What did they do to solve this problem?
The villagers in Hardas village faced water problems. The hand-pump water level dropped below the drilled depth. There were not getting tap water.
The villagers called the Gram Sabha meeting to find a solution to the problem. After long discussions, they decided to conserve water, plant trees, construct check dams and tanks. They also decided to go for the watershed development program.
2. What is your opinion, is the importance of the Gram Sabha? Do you think all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings? Why?
The Gram Sabha is the most important part of the Panchayati Raj System. People can express their opinions and present their issues in front of the Gram Panchayat. It is responsible for planning development strategies. It also discusses the implementation of the development plans.
Gram Sabha keeps an eye on the Panchayat and makes it responsible to the people.
All the members should attend the Gram Sabha meetings and participate in the discussions. The members put forward their issues and suggestions. Better participation makes the Gram Sabha effective.
3. What is the link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
A Secretary is a link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat.
The Secretary is an appointed officer who is responsible for calling the Gram Sabha meetings and recording the proceedings. The secretary also connects with the higher administrative authorities.
4. Take an example of anyone task done by a Panchayat in your area/nearby rural area and find out the following:
(1) Why it was taken up.
(2) Where the money comes from.
(3) Whether or not the work has been completed.
(1) Our Panchayat recently undertook the task of building a community hall. It was necessary because there was no such common place where people could gather at a time. It was difficult to hold a general meeting, organize a general function, etc.
(2) The money was collected as a contribution from the villagers and some part of it was also diverted from the Panchayat welfare fund.
(3) Yes, the work has been completed within the projected time and it is now in use.
5. What is the difference between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Gram Sabha consists of all the adults of a village while Gram Panchayat is elected by the members of the Gram Sabha for a period of five years.
The area of Gram Sabha is the entire village whereas Gram Panchayat is divided into wards represented by Ward Councillors.
Gram Sabha puts control over Gram Panchayat.
6. Read the following news item:
Nimone is a village on the Chauphula-Shirur Road. Like many others, this village has also been facing a severe water shortage for the last few months and villagers depend on tankers for all their needs. Bhagvan Mahadeo Lad (35) of this village was beaten with sticks, iron rods, and axes by a group of seven men. The incident came to light when some villagers brought a badly injured Lad to hospital for treatment. In the FIR recorded by the police Lad said that he was attacked when he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nlmone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. However, he alleged that the upper caste men were against this and told him that the tanker water was not meant for lower castes.
Adapted, from Indian Express, May 1, 2004
(1) Why was Bhagvan beaten?
(2) Do you think that the above is a case of discrimination? Why?
(1) There was an acute water crisis in Nimone village and the villagers had to depend on tankers for their needs. So, when the tanker came into the village, Bhagvan insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. But the upper caste men were against this and therefore they beat
Bhagvan to suppress his demand.
(2) Yes, the above is a case of discrimination, because the upper caste men try to suppress the genuine demand of the lower castes. They look them down upon and ignore their existence.
7. Find out more about watershed development and how it benefits an area?
Watershed Development Programme is an initiative of the government. It is done by the Non-government Organisation (NGOs). It helps in the conservation of water by plantation, making bunds, canals, etc.